HOME Turkey Altinkum Temple of Apollo Bodrum Kusadasi Ephesus Pamukkale Portfolio of Places Portfolio of Things ABOUT CONTACT





cruise 2012 325
cruise 2012 326
cruise 2012 327
cruise 2012 328
cruise 2012 331
Window in Bodrum
cruise 2012 340
cruise 2012 342
cruise 2012 343
cruise 2012 345
cruise 2012 346
cruise 2012 344
cruise 2012 347
cruise 2012 348


cruise 2012 306
cruise 2012 307
cruise 2012 308
cruise 2012 309
cruise 2012 311
cruise 2012 312
cruise 2012 315
cruise 2012 316
cruise 2012 317
cruise 2012 318
Open the full set Flickr Logo this page

About Bodrum

Bodrum is a municipality and district of Mugla Province, Turkey. Known in ancient times as Halicarnassus, the city was once home to the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, also known as the tomb of Mausolus, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

The city was founded by Dorian Greeks. It later fell under Persian rule and became the capital city of the satrapy of Caria. Mausolus ruled Caria from here, and after his death in 353 BC, his wife Artemisia built a tomb, called the Mausoleum, for him. Macedonian forces laid siege to the city and captured it in 334 BC. After Alexander's death, the city passed to successive Hellenistic rulers and was briefly an independent kingdom until 129 BC, when it came under Roman rule. A series of natural disasters and repeated pirate attacks wreaked havoc on the area, and the city lost its importance by the time of the Byzantine era. The Knights Hospitaller arrived in 1402 and used the remains of the Mausoleum as a quarry to build Bodrum Castle. The castle and its town became known as Petronium, whence the modern name Bodrum. After the conquest of Rhodes by Suleiman the Magnificent in 1522, the town fell under Ottoman control as the Knights Hospitaller relocated to Europe.


About Kusadasi

Kusadasi is a municipality and district of Aydin Province, Turkey. It is a large resort town on the Aegean coast. Kusadasi is 95 km (59 mi) south of Izmir, and about 60 km (37 mi) west of Aydin. The municipality's primary industry is tourism.

The area has been a centre of art and culture since some of the earliest recorded history, and has been settled by many civilizations since being founded by the Leleges people in 3000 BC. Later settlers include the Aeolians in the 11th century BC and Ionians in the 9th. Originally, seamen and traders built a number of settlements along the coastline, including Neopolis.

An outpost of Ephesus in ancient Ionia, known as Pygela (???e?a) was located in the area between the Büyük Menderes (Maeander) and Gediz (Hermos) rivers. The original Neopolis, is thought to have been founded on the nearby point of Yilanci Burnu. Later settlements were probably built on the hillside of Pilavtepe, in the district called Andizkulesi today. Kusadasi was a minor port frequented by vessels trading along the Aegean coast. In antiquity it was overshadowed by Ephesus, until Ephesus' harbor silted up. From the 7th century BC onwards the coast was ruled by Lydians from their capital at Sardis, then from 546 BC the Persians, and from 334 BC, along with all of Anatolia, the coast was conquered by Alexander the Great. From that point on the coastal cities in Anatolia became a centre of Hellenistic culture.